Bipolar Disorder and Addiction
What is Bipolar Disorder?
According to the National Institute of Mental Health, Bipolar disorder also known as manic-depressive illness is “a brain disorder that causes unusual shifts in mood, energy, activity levels, and the ability to carry out day-to-day tasks.”
Bipolar Disorder can be devastating as a person’s moods shift from intense highs, known as mania, to the depths of despair. There are two major categories of Bipolar Disorder
- Bipolar I Disorder– a period of expansive, elevated activity or irritable mood and psychological shifts present every day and/or most of the day for at least 1 week. People with Bipolar Disorder I will have episodes of both depression and mania, though a few will have episodes of mania alone.
- Bipolar II Disorder-a period in which at least one hypomanic episode has occurred but never reaches a full blown manic episode. These individuals will also have at least one episode of depression
Some people suffer from Cyclothymia a condition of chronic unstable moods never reaching the extremes of mania or clinical depression but, the lows and highs are experienced for most of the 2 years. Periods of normal moods occur, but they are never longer than 2 months in duration.
Symptoms of Bipolar Disorder
- Inflated self-esteem
- Decreased need for sleep
- More talkative than usual
- Racing thoughts
- Unfocused, easily distracted
- Involvement in activities that have negative consequences (lack of impulse control: sexual indiscretions, buying sprees)
Without treatment, the symptoms one experiences may worsen as episodes increase in occurrence and severity.
Bipolar Disorders and Substance Abuse
Increasingly, evidence illustrates that at least 60% of those who suffer from Bipolar disorder or substance abuse suffer from both or have co-occurring disorders. Many of these individuals also suffer from another mental health disorder such as Anxiety or Panic disorder. Alcohol seems to be the drug of choice for many people suffering from Bipolar disorder.
Studies now demonstrate that if a person uses substances, has vulnerability toward Bipolar disorder that has not yet manifested, the substances will bring on the manifestation of the Bipolar disorder. Also, according to several studies, people who suffer from Bipolar disorder and alcohol abuse will also abuse poly-substances. Other medical conditions such as Hepatitis C are 5 times as likely to be present in Bipolar patients with co-occurring disorders.
Treating Bipolar Disorder and Substance Abuse
The difficulties associated with appropriate diagnosis of co-occurring disorders can make treatment for mental health disorders and substance abuse complicated. A physician treating one disorder without treating the other will create a condition primed for relapse and a worsening of both conditions.
Doctors and therapists trained and experienced in diagnosing both mental health disorders and substance abuse disorders can provide needed relief for the person suffering from co-occurring disorders (dual diagnosis).
Treatment Alternatives, a licensed, multidisciplinary treatment facility is also dual diagnosed enhanced. We help clients suffering from substance abuse and mental health disorders. With our affiliated partners, we can offer medically monitored comfortable detox, PHP, IOP, OP and sober living houses. Our program, a comprehensive approach to treatment, is founded on evidence practices. Our therapists are licensed and experienced in both substance abuse and mental health disorders. Each client is guaranteed to receive individualized care based upon his or her ever evolving treatment plan. We continually re-evaluate clients to ensure that treatment is current and appropriate.
If you are seeking relief from co-occurring disorders, such as Bipolar Disorder and Substance Abuse, Treatment Alternatives in Boca Raton, Florida can provide you with a warm, caring, compassionate treatment environment in the midst of a tropical upscale neighborhood. Healing the mind, body, and spirit can happen simultaneously and Treatment Alternatives can help.